Begginer's array question

Hey all, sorry for my newbishness

But umm, does anyone know the correct code for setting strings as the elements of an array?

For example, this practice book I've picked up has a challenge program at the end. It asks me to design a program in which the user can input monthly sales figures for an entire year using loops.

What I want to do is create something like:

char months[12]={jan, feb, march, april......};

Then I'll have a loop increment the array starting from months[0]. However, I can't seem to find the method to make this work. My book only features integer arrays, not character strings.

Thanks

• : Hey all, sorry for my newbishness
:
: But umm, does anyone know the correct code for setting strings as the elements of an array?
:
: For example, this practice book I've picked up has a challenge program at the end. It asks me to design a program in which the user can input monthly sales figures for an entire year using loops.
:
: What I want to do is create something like:
:
: char months[12]={jan, feb, march, april......};
:
: Then I'll have a loop increment the array starting from months[0]. However, I can't seem to find the method to make this work. My book only features integer arrays, not character strings.
:
: Thanks
:

A string is an array of characters, so you would need to make a 2D-array:

[code]
char months[12][4] =
{
"jan",
"feb",
"mar",
/* and so on... */
};
[/code]

12 is the number of strings. 4 is the maximum string length allowed. In this case it is 3, but since C strings need null termination, you need to add 1 to reserve room for it.

When writing "jan", you get the null termination added at the end automaticly. So the above example is equal to:

[code]char months[12][4] =
{
{'j', 'a', 'n', ''},
{'f', 'e', 'b', ''},
{'m', 'a', 'r', ''},
/* and so on... */
};[/code]

• Thanks! Yeah, I was thinking that a 2d array might be the way to go, however, it just seemed like a lot of work, I figured their might exist a quicker way Well, good programming takes time I guess, thanks!

: : Hey all, sorry for my newbishness
: :
: : But umm, does anyone know the correct code for setting strings as the elements of an array?
: :
: : For example, this practice book I've picked up has a challenge program at the end. It asks me to design a program in which the user can input monthly sales figures for an entire year using loops.
: :
: : What I want to do is create something like:
: :
: : char months[12]={jan, feb, march, april......};
: :
: : Then I'll have a loop increment the array starting from months[0]. However, I can't seem to find the method to make this work. My book only features integer arrays, not character strings.
: :
: : Thanks
: :
:
: A string is an array of characters, so you would need to make a 2D-array:
:
: [code]
: char months[12][4] =
: {
: "jan",
: "feb",
: "mar",
: /* and so on... */
: };
: [/code]
:
: 12 is the number of strings. 4 is the maximum string length allowed. In this case it is 3, but since C strings need null termination, you need to add 1 to reserve room for it.
:
: When writing "jan", you get the null termination added at the end automaticly. So the above example is equal to:
:
: [code]char months[12][4] =
: {
: {'j', 'a', 'n', ''},
: {'f', 'e', 'b', ''},
: {'m', 'a', 'r', ''},
: /* and so on... */
: };[/code]
:
:
: