: Hi Richard:
: I guess we're using different definitions here...
: In Win NT, Win2K, etc. a user (owner) can restrict access (protect) a file or folder with a password. At that point, or later, the user (owner) can also grant access to any number of additional users. Further, the user (owner) can restrict the access that any user can have - read only, write, etc.
I haven't seen that ability anywhere. I know you can set user access restrictions on a folder (concerning access rights) but I have never seen any option where you can secure a directory with a password.
: A program running by any user has only the level of rights granted to that user. There's no need to "switch users" or "run as another user, or "create a special Admin account for itself."
This will only be necessary if you can only restrict it from other users. If you don't mind having the folder unlocked to the current user, but only to other users, then this will work fine if the current user is Admin and there won't be any need for switching users or creating a new account.
: The user (owner) can also create a group of users, and assign access to the group as a whole, or to the group with exceptions to individual users.
Yes, and then we are talking about access rights for users. Seems we both have a different vision on the question. I read it like "I have a user account and I want to restrict this user from being able to access a directory unless he/she enters the correct password"
This can not really be done...
You are probably reading it like "I want to lock a personal directory from other users". No problem if the current user is admin. If the user isn't, I think it is not possible.
: As fas as I can tell, this all falls under the heading of the original question, that of "protecting" a file or folder.
Protect yes, but only from other users...
: That all said, there are other ways to do this, even with Win9x. If the Win9x machine is set up to share a folder or file, the user can set a username/password to that share. So, if the Win9x has physical restrictions (i.e. it's locked up), then other users - on any Windows OS- can only gain access to that file or folder by using the password.
Wouldn't know about Win9x
: There are also utility programs that can be installed in Windows that will restrict/secure particular files or folders.
: All this without "seriously hacking" Windows...
Well... I wonder how these utilities protect a directory. I hope these won't have to be running all the time?
Nice discussion indeed!