The Ntoskrnl.exe is an essential file in the Windows NT series of operating systems. This file provides the Kernel and Executive layers of the Windows NT systems and assists in several services including hardware virtualization, process and memory management, etc. However, when this file is inaccessible due to corruption then the system would not start as normal practice. In such cases, you should resolve the situation by using appropriate data recovery solutions. If the system still remains inaccessible then you should use a third-party ]data recovery software to recover the inaccessible data.
Let us discuss a practical situation that appears when you are unable to start your Windows XP system. In this case, you may face the following error message:
“Windows could not start because of a computer disk hardware configuration problem.
Could not read from the selected boot disk. Check boot path and disk hardware.
Please check the Windows documentation about hardware disk configuration and your hardware reference manuals for additional information.”
This startup issue of Windows XP may have caused if the any or all of the following conditions are true:
- There is general hardware failure in the hard disk.
- The Ntoskrnl.exe file is missing or damged.
- The path in the Boot.ini file is not defined correctly or Windows XP is installed in a different location than the one specified in the boot.ini file.
- The [Default] value in the [Boot Loader] section of the Boot.ini file is either missing or invalid.
To resolve this problem, you should perform the following methods that corresponds to the particular reason of system inaccessibility:
- Modify boot.ini file: You should modify the [Default] and other entries in the boot.ini file to ensure that all the entries are pointing to the correct path.
- Use Bootcfg utility: You should use the 'bootcfg' utility to replace the incorrect boot.ini file using Windows XP Setup CD.
- Run chkdsk utility: You should run the 'chkdsk' utility with the appropriate switch to scan and repair any hard disk-related errors.
- Restore ntoskrnl.exe using Recovery Console: You should restore the Ntoskrnl.exe file using Recovery Console with the help of Windows XP CD-ROM.
If the problem is still not solved and the system is inaccessible, then you should use a third-party file recovery to restore the valuable data. These read-only data recovery tools are capable enough to recover most of the data without damaging the existing files.